The Birds of Texas. The Great Kiskadee by John L. Tveten. p. 246.


Birds of the World by Oliver L. Austin, Jr. p.207.


Texas Parks & Wildlife. Colorful Tyrants of the Sky, Flycatchers by Steve Bentsen. pp.14-15.


Song and Garden BIRDS of North America by Alexander Wetmore. p.106.


The Life of Birds. by Welty and Baptista. p.313.


Texas Parks & Wildlife An Investment in Wildlife. p. 47.


Birder's Guide to Texas. by Edward A. Kutac. pp. 209-10, 214-16, 218.


Eastern Birds by Roger Tory Peterson. p. 301.